Vegetables Name in Sanskrit for Language Learners

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Welcome to another fascinating journey into the world of Sanskrit vocabulary, this time focusing on vegetables. Sanskrit, the age-old language, has a rich and diverse vocabulary that offers a profound linguistic journey. Today, we will explore the ‘Vegetables Name in Sanskrit,’ understand their etymology, and unravel the beauty of this ancient language. 

Comprehensive Sanskrit Vegetable  

Our Sanskrit vegetable chart is a comprehensive guide to the names of different vegetables in Sanskrit. This handy tool will not only bolster your vocabulary but also serve as a constant learning companion in your Sanskrit journey. here’s an extended list of some common vegetables in Sanskrit: 

  • Onion – पलाण्डुः (Palanduh) 
  • Carrot – ग्रंजनम् (Granjanam) 
  • Potato – आलुकः (Alukah) 
  • Tomato – रक्तफलम् (Rakta phalam) 
  • Cucumber – त्रापुस (Trapus) 
  • Peas – वातानम् (Vatanam) 
  • Spinach – पालक्यम् (Palakyam) 
  • Eggplant (Brinjal) – वृन्ताकम् (Vrintakam) 
  • Radish – मूलकम् (Mulakam) 
  • Capsicum – शिम्लामिर्चम् (Shimla mircham) 
  • Pumpkin – कुष्माण्डम् (Kushmandam) 
  • Cabbage – कब्बिजम् (Kabbijam) 
  • Cauliflower – पुष्पकोशम् (Pushpakosham) 
  • Garlic – लशुनम् (Lashunam) 
  • Ginger – आर्द्रकम् (Aardrakam) 
  • Beetroot – बीटरूटम् (Beetrootam) 
  • Broccoli – ब्रोकोली (Brokoli) 
  • Corn – मक्षिकास्य (Makshikasya) 
  • Lettuce – सलादपत्रम् (Saladapatram) 
  • Zucchini – जुकिनी (Jukini) 

Decoding the Sanskrit Vocabulary for Vegetables 

Now, let’s delve into the Sanskrit words for vegetables. For instance, ‘Onion’ in Sanskrit is ‘Palandu’ and ‘Carrot’ is ‘Granjan’. Let’s further decode some Sanskrit names for vegetables: 

  • Pepper (मरीचम् – Maricham): This word is derived from ‘Marichi’, one of the seven great sages (Saptarishi) in Hindu mythology. It’s used here as a metaphor to represent the strong, fiery flavor of the pepper, much like the fiery wisdom of the sage. 
  • Beans (शिम्बी – Shimbii): This word has a musical, rhythmic quality to it. It’s derived from ‘Shimb’, which means to inflate or swell, depicting the pod of the bean. 
  • Cabbage (कब्बिजम् – Kabbijam): This word uses the ‘Kabbi’ sound to mimic the crunchy texture of cabbage when it’s fresh, making the word a vivid, sensory experience. 
  • Garlic (लशुनम् – Lashunam): This word is rooted in the term ‘Lashuna’, which means hidden or secret, referring to the cloves of garlic hidden within the bulb. 
  • Radish (मूलकम् – Mulakam): Derived from the word ‘Mula’, meaning root, this term speaks to the fact that radish is a root vegetable. 
  • Pumpkin (कुष्माण्डम् – Kushmandam): The word ‘Kushmandam’ is an example of onomatopoeia. It echoes the sound a pumpkin might make when dropped on a solid surface. 
  • Cucumber (त्रापुस – Trapus): The word comes from ‘Trapu’, meaning ‘to satisfy’, in reference to the hydrating and satisfying qualities of cucumber. 

Fun Facts and more must you know 

here are some fun and unique facts about Sanskrit vegetable names: 

  • Onomatopoeic Origins: Many Sanskrit vegetable names are onomatopoeic, meaning they sound like the thing they describe. For example, ‘Kushmandam’ for pumpkin echoes the sound a pumpkin might make when dropped on a solid surface. 
  • Reflecting Nature: Sanskrit vegetable names often reflect the physical characteristics or nature of the vegetable. For example, ‘Mulakam’ for radish, comes from the word ‘Mula’, which means root, indicating that a radish is a root vegetable. 
  • Cultural Context: Some Sanskrit vegetable names bear cultural context. For instance, ‘Maricham’ for pepper comes from ‘Marichi’, one of the seven great sages (Saptarishi) in Hindu mythology, symbolizing the strong, fiery flavor of the pepper, akin to the sage’s fiery wisdom. 
  • Descriptive Names: Sanskrit has a poetic and descriptive way of naming things. ‘Lashunam’ for garlic is rooted in the term ‘Lashuna’, which means hidden or secret, referring to the cloves of garlic hidden within its bulb. 
  • Nutritional Value: Some vegetable names in Sanskrit hint at their nutritional value or health benefits. The Sanskrit word for cucumber, ‘Trapus’, comes from ‘Trapu’, meaning ‘to satisfy’, indicating the hydrating and satisfying qualities of cucumber. 
  • Diverse Vocabulary: Despite its ancient origins, Sanskrit has a diverse vocabulary that includes names for many modern vegetables. For instance, broccoli, a vegetable not native to India, is referred to as ‘Brokoli’ in Sanskrit. 

Fruit and Vegetable Names in Sanskrit 

There’s a delightful symmetry when we compare fruit and vegetable names in Sanskrit. Just as ‘Apple’ is ‘Sevam’, ‘Potato’ is ‘Alukah’. The Sanskrit language is elegant and balanced, making the learning process more enjoyable and rewarding. Let’s explore more Sanskrit names for fruits and vegetables: 


  • Apple – सेवा (Seva) 
  • Mango – आम्रं (Amram) 
  • Banana – कदली (Kadali) 
  • Grape – द्राक्षा (Draksha) 
  • Guava – पेरु (Peru) 
  • Pomegranate – दाडिमम् (Dadimam) 
  • Orange – नारङ्गम् (Narangam) 
  • Pear – अमृतफलम् (Amritaphalam) 
  • Pineapple – अननसः (Ananasah) 


  • Onion – पलाण्डुः (Palanduh) 
  • Potato – आलुकः (Alukah) 
  • Cucumber – त्रापुस (Trapus) 
  • Peas – वातानम् (Vatanam) 
  • Spinach – पालक्यम् (Palakyam) 
  • Eggplant (Brinjal) – वृन्ताकम् (Vrintakam) 

The Intricacies of Onion and Carrot in Sanskrit 

Onion and carrot in Sanskrit are ‘Palandu’ and ‘Granjan’, respectively. The Sanskrit names provide an insight into the vegetable’s essence. ‘Palandu’ represents the layered structure of an onion, while ‘Granjan’ reflects the carrot’s robust, solid nature. let’s delve deeper into the intricacies of ‘Onion’ and ‘Carrot’ in Sanskrit: 

Onion (पलाण्डुः – Palanduh): 

The term ‘Palanduh’ is deeply symbolic and reflects the physical structure of an onion. It derives from ‘Pala’, meaning layer, and ‘Indu’, meaning moon. Like the moon waxes and wanes in phases, an onion reveals itself in layers. Each layer of an onion hides another, just as the moon’s illuminated portion changes over the lunar cycle. This comparison to the moon also highlights the onion’s white color and its round shape. 

Carrot (ग्रंजनम् – Granjanam): 

‘Granjanam’ is derived from ‘Gran’, which translates to ‘solid’ or ‘dense’. This describes the physical characteristics of a carrot – solid, dense, and firm to the touch. The carrot’s nature is also captured in this term; as a root vegetable, it remains firmly embedded in the ground. This connotation aligns with the teachings of the Upanishads, which stress the importance of being firmly grounded in one’s spiritual pursuits. 

The Sanskrit names of these common vegetables show us that language is not merely a system of signs but also a way of seeing and understanding the world.  

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) 

Q1: Why are some Sanskrit names for vegetables different from the common names used in India? 

A1: Sanskrit is an ancient language, and its vocabulary was established long before many vegetables were introduced to India from other parts of the world. Therefore, some vegetables might have different names in Sanskrit compared to common Indian languages. 

Q2: Are there any Sanskrit words for vegetables that are not native to India, like broccoli or zucchini? 

A2: Yes, Sanskrit has evolved over the years, and scholars have developed words for many non-native vegetables. For example, ‘Brokoli’ is the Sanskrit word for broccoli. 

Q3: Why do some Sanskrit vegetable names sound like they’re describing something else? 

A3: Many Sanskrit words are metaphorical and poetic. For instance, the Sanskrit name for onion, ‘Palanduh,’ is derived from words meaning ‘layer’ and ‘moon,’ indicating its layered structure and round shape. This rich, descriptive nature of Sanskrit adds another layer of beauty to the language. 

Q5: How can I practice Sanskrit vocabulary for vegetables in a daily context? 

A5: You could try to use the Sanskrit names while discussing meal preparations, writing a grocery list, or labeling vegetables at home. Practice and regular usage are key to learning a new language. 

The Seed to Table Journey: Nourishing our Minds with Sanskrit Vegetable Vocabulary 

From our enriching exploration into the realm of Sanskrit vegetable vocabulary, we’ve gained more than just a list of words; we’ve delved into a rich, layered tapestry of cultural, symbolic, and philosophical insights. Every term, from पलाण्डुः (Palanduh – Onion) to ग्रंजनम् (Granjanam – Carrot), serves as a pathway into understanding the depth and sophistication of the Sanskrit language. 

These linguistic lessons highlight the inherent wisdom and poetry within Sanskrit, reminding us that language is not simply a tool for communication, but a vibrant conduit of cultural heritage and human experience. Through this, we see how the act of learning becomes a journey of discovery and connection, a journey that nourishes not only the mind, but also the spirit.