Learn Sanskrit Words and Vocabulary for Animals

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Hello there! Being a content writer at Curiotory, an online language learning platform, I am excited to take you on a journey to learn some fascinating Sanskrit animal names. While Sanskrit might seem challenging at first, breaking it down into small, manageable lessons such as learning animal names can make it a lot more approachable. Let’s explore the vibrant world of animals in Sanskrit! 

Why Learn Sanskrit Animal Names? 

The beauty of learning Sanskrit extends to its diverse vocabulary. Learning the names of animals in Sanskrit not only broadens your linguistic capabilities but also provides a deeper understanding of ancient texts and scriptures. Plus, who wouldn’t want to know how to say ‘monkey’ in Sanskrit? 

The benefits of learning Sanskrit animal names, or Sanskrit vocabulary in general, are manifold. Let’s explore some of these benefits: 

  • Insight into Ancient Texts: Learning animal names in Sanskrit can provide a greater understanding of ancient Indian scriptures, literature, and texts, many of which feature animals in their narratives. 
  • Basis for Many Languages: Sanskrit, being one of the oldest languages in the world, has influenced many other languages. So, understanding Sanskrit can provide a foundation for learning other languages, especially those of Indo-European origin. 
  • Understanding Yoga and Meditation Practices: Many yoga poses, and meditation practices are named after animals in Sanskrit. For instance, knowing the Sanskrit word for ‘cow’ can help you understand the meaning behind poses like ‘Gomukhasana’ (Cow Face Pose). 
  • Connection to Nature: Animals are a significant part of nature, and Sanskrit, with its comprehensive vocabulary for flora and fauna, allows you to connect more deeply with the natural world. 
  • Enhancing Cognitive Skills: Learning a new language, particularly one as complex as Sanskrit, can help improve memory and cognitive abilities. 
  • Enriching Conversational Skills: Imagine being able to talk about ‘a dog chasing a cat’ or ‘a monkey swinging from a tree’ in Sanskrit! It’s an impressive skill that can make your conversation stand out. 

A Handy List of Sanskrit Animal Names 

Here’s where we dive right in. We’ll start with common animals like ‘dog’ in Sanskrit language, and move on to others like ‘cat’, ‘monkey’, ‘tiger’, ‘rabbit’, ‘bear’, ‘crocodile’, ‘cow’, and ‘elephant’. We’ll also touch on some pet animals in Sanskrit. 

Let’s explore more animal names in Sanskrit. Remember, each of these names offers a glimpse into the richness of the Sanskrit language. 

  • Dog (कुक्कुरः) – Kukkuraha 
  • Cat (मर्जारः) – Marjaraha 
  • Monkey (वानरः) – Vanaraha 
  • Tiger (व्याघ्रः) – Vyaghraha 
  • Rabbit (शशः) – Shashaha 
  • Bear (भल्लुकः) – Bhallukaha 
  • Crocodile (मकरः) – Makaraha 
  • Cow (गोः) – Goha 
  • Elephant (गजः) – Gajaha 
  • Donkey (गर्दभः) – Gardabhaha 
  • Horse (अश्वः) – Ashvaha 
  • Lion (सिंहः) – Simhaha 
  • Deer (मृगः) – Mrigaha 
  • Sheep (अविः) – Aviha 
  • Bird (खगः) – Khagaha 
  • Squirrel (शकुन्तः) – Shakuntaha 
  • Fish (मीनः) – Minaha 
  • Rat (मूषकः) – Mushakaha 
  • Snake (सर्पः) – Sarpaha 
  • Buffalo (महिषः) – Mahishaha 

Fun Animal-Related Phrases in Sanskrit 

Just knowing the words isn’t enough! Let’s learn how to use these words in sentences and common Sanskrit phrases. There are numerous animal-related idioms and phrases in Sanskrit that give color to the language. Here are some fun phrases that incorporate Sanskrit animal names: 

  • मृगतृष्णा (Mrigatrishna) – This term translates to ‘mirage’, but literally means ‘deer’s thirst’. It is used to describe an illusion or something that is unattainable, just like a mirage that a thirsty deer may chase. 
  • व्याघ्री करोति वनं विश्रामं (Vyaghri Karoti Vanam Vishramam) – This phrase translates to ‘the tiger makes the forest restful’. This might sound strange at first, but it means that the presence of a strong or influential figure can bring order and peace. 
  • विक्रीतम् इव मर्जारः (Vikritam Iva Marjaraha) – This phrase translates to ‘like a cat gone astray’, used to describe someone acting in a strange or unusual way. 
  • अश्वस्य सन्तानं गोपालयति (Ashvasya Santanam Gopalayati) – This phrase translates to ‘taking care of a horse’s offspring’ and is used to describe a situation where someone takes great care of something that isn’t worth much. 
  • गर्दभः स्वपचेरपि गायति (Gardabhaha Swapacherapi Gayati) – This phrase translates to ‘a donkey sings in its own home’, suggesting that everyone feels confident and talented in their own surroundings, regardless of how others might perceive them. 

Quizzes and Practice Materials 

Now it’s time to put your newfound knowledge to the test with quizzes and practice materials. 

  • Matching Game: Create a matching game where you list Sanskrit animal names on one side and their corresponding English translations on the other side. Mix them up and try to match them correctly. 
  • Fill in the Blanks: Create a worksheet with sentences or phrases where the Sanskrit animal’s name is missing. Fill in the blanks with the correct animal names to complete the sentences. 
  • Flashcards: Make flashcards with pictures of animals on one side and the corresponding Sanskrit animal names on the other side. Test yourself or quiz a friend by showing the picture and guessing the Sanskrit name. 
  • Online Quizzes: Explore online language learning platforms or websites that offer quizzes on Sanskrit animal names. These quizzes can provide instant feedback and help reinforce your learning. 
  • Listening Practice: Find audio recordings or videos that pronounce Sanskrit animal names. Listen carefully and try to identify the correct animal based on the pronunciation. 
  • Translation Exercises: Create short paragraphs or sentences in English describing animals and their characteristics. Challenge yourself to translate them into Sanskrit using the appropriate animal names. 
  • Writing Prompts: Write short paragraphs or stories using as many Sanskrit animal names as possible. This exercise will help you practice sentence structure and reinforce your vocabulary. 

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs): 

Q1: Are there specific rules for forming Sanskrit animal names? 

A1: Yes, Sanskrit animal names often follow certain rules of word formation. They can be derived from root words or have specific suffixes that indicate the animal’s characteristics. 

Q2: How can I remember the Sanskrit names for different animals? 

A2: Mnemonic devices can be helpful for memorizing Sanskrit animal names. Try associating the sound or shape of the animal with its Sanskrit name or create visual or word associations to aid recall. 

Q3: Can I find children’s books or resources to learn Sanskrit animal names? 

A3: Yes, there are children’s books and educational resources available that introduce Sanskrit animal names in an engaging and interactive way. These resources often include colorful illustrations and simplified language. 

Q4: Are Sanskrit animal names used in everyday conversations in India? 

A4: While Sanskrit animal names are not commonly used in everyday conversations, they are still appreciated for their cultural and historical significance. You may encounter Sanskrit animal names in traditional literature, religious texts, or academic settings. 

Q5: Are there regional variations in Sanskrit animal names? 

A5: Sanskrit animal names can vary slightly across different regions of India due to regional dialects and cultural influences. It’s interesting to explore these variations and learn how they differ from the standard Sanskrit names. 

Q6: Can I use Sanskrit animal names in my creative writing or artwork? 

A6: Absolutely! Sanskrit animal names can add a unique and artistic touch to your creative projects. They can be incorporated into poetry, storytelling, illustrations, and other forms of artistic expression. 

Q7: Are there any cultural symbols associated with Sanskrit animal names? 

A7: Yes, many Sanskrit animal names hold cultural and symbolic significance in Indian traditions. Animals such as the cow, elephant, lion, and snake have deep symbolism in various aspects of Indian culture, mythology, and religious beliefs. 


And there you have it, dear language learners! We have embarked on a fascinating journey into the world of Sanskrit animal names. From “dog” to “elephant” and everything in between, you’ve expanded your vocabulary and gained a deeper appreciation for the richness of Sanskrit. 

Remember, learning a language is an ongoing process. Embrace the joy of learning, stay curious, and keep exploring. Before you know it, you’ll be conversing with ease, weaving the tapestry of Sanskrit with fluency and confidence. 

So, as we bid adieu for now, keep the spirit of learning alive and let the beauty of Sanskrit animal names accompany you on your language learning odyssey. Happy exploring, and may your journey be filled with success and linguistic wonders! 

Shubham bhava! (May good things happen to you!)