How to Say Body Parts in French for Language Learners

Table of Contents

Introduction to Body Parts in French 

Learning the names of body parts in French is essential for engaging in everyday conversations, describing health issues, or discussing sports and physical activities. This guide will provide you with a comprehensive list of body parts in French and English, pronunciation tips, and resources to help you practice and reinforce your understanding. 

Head and Face 

Let’s start with the head and face. Familiarize yourself with these essential body parts in French: 

• Head: la tête 

• Face: le visage 

• Hair: les cheveux (plural) 

• Forehead: le front 

• Eyebrow: le sourcil 

• Eye: l’œil (singular), les yeux (plural) 

• Eyelash: le cil 

• Nose: le nez 

• Cheek: la joue 

• Mouth: la bouche 

• Lip: la lèvre 

• Tooth: la dent 

• Tongue: la langue 

• Chin: le menton 

• Ear: l’oreille 

Practice pronouncing these words and try using them in sentences to describe yourself or someone else. 

Upper Body 

Now, let’s move on to the upper body. Here are the French names for various parts of the upper body: 

• Neck: le cou 

• Shoulder: l’épaule 

• Arm: le bras 

• Elbow: le coude 

• Wrist: le poignet 

• Hand: la main 

• Finger: le doigt 

• Thumb: le pouce 

• Nail: l’ongle 

• Chest: la poitrine 

• Breast: le sein 

• Rib: la côte 

• Back: le dos 

• Waist: la taille 

• Hip: la hanche 

As with the head and face, practice pronouncing these words and using them in sentences to describe various aspects of the upper body. 

Lower Body 

Next, let’s explore the lower body. Learn the French names for these body parts: 

• Leg: la jambe 

• Thigh: la cuisse 

• Knee: le genou 

• Calf: le mollet 

• Ankle: la cheville 

• Foot: le pied 

• Toe: l’orteil 

• Heel: le talon 

Practice pronouncing these words and incorporating them into sentences to describe different aspects of the lower body. 

Internal Organs 

While not as commonly discussed in everyday conversations, knowing the names of internal organs can be useful when talking about health and medical issues. Here are some key internal organs in French: 

• Heart: le cœur 

• Lung: le poumon 

• Liver: le foie 

• Stomach: l’estomac 

• Kidney: le rein 

• Intest 

• Bladder: la vessie 

• Brain: le cerveau 

Practice pronouncing these words and try using them in context when discussing health or medical topics. 

Useful Phrases Involving Body Parts 

Here are some useful phrases involving body parts that can help you in everyday conversations: 

• J’ai mal à la tête (I have a headache) 

• Je me suis cassé le bras (I broke my arm) 

• Il a les yeux bleus (He has blue eyes) 

• Elle a de longs cheveux (She has long hair) 

• J’ai un rhume; mon nez coule (I have a cold; my nose is running) 

• Il s’est tordu la cheville (He twisted his ankle) 

Practice these phrases and try to incorporate the body parts you’ve learned into similar sentences. 

Tips for Learning French Body Vocabulary 

To learn and remember French body vocabulary, follow these tips: 

• Use flashcards to practice and review body parts in French. 

• Label pictures or drawings of the human body with French body part names. 

• Practice using body part vocabulary in sentences and conversations. 

• Watch videos or listen to audio recordings in French that focus on body parts. 

Resources for Practicing Body Parts in French 

To reinforce your learning of body parts in French, make use of the following resources: 

• Duolingo ( Practice French vocabulary, including body parts, through interactive exercises and quizzes. 

• Quizlet ( Find and create flashcard sets for French body parts to help with memorization. 

• YouTube ( Search for videos that focus on teaching French body part vocabulary and pronunciation. 

• French language textbooks or workbooks: Many language learning books include sections dedicated to body parts and related vocabulary. 

Learning Body Parts through Songs and Games 

Songs and games can be an engaging and entertaining way to learn and practice French body part vocabulary. Many children’s songs and nursery rhymes include body part names and can help you remember them more easily. Additionally, playing games such as “Simon Says” or memory games with flashcards can make the learning process more enjoyable. 

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them 

When learning body parts in French, there are a few common mistakes that learners may make. Being aware of these mistakes can help you avoid them and improve your understanding of French body vocabulary. 

Mistake 1: Confusing gender Many body part names in French have a specific gender (masculine or feminine), and it’s essential to remember the correct gender when using these words in sentences. To avoid confusion, make a note of the gender for each body part when learning the vocabulary. 

Mistake 2: Using the wrong plural forms Some body parts in French have irregular plural forms, such as “l’œil” (eye) becoming “les yeux” (eyes). Be mindful of these irregular plurals and practice them regularly to avoid mistakes. 

Mistake 3: Incorrect pronunciation Pronunciation can be challenging for French learners, especially when it comes to nasal sounds or certain vowel combinations. To improve your pronunciation, listen to native speakers, practice speaking aloud, and ask for feedback from native speakers or your language teacher. 

Mistake 4: Using literal translations in some cases, idiomatic expressions involving body parts may not have a direct translation from English to French or vice versa. Be cautious when translating phrases involving body parts and try to learn the French equivalents of common idiomatic expressions. 

By being aware of these common mistakes and working to avoid them, you’ll be well on your way to mastering French body part vocabulary. Remember, practice makes perfect, so keep working on your skills and don’t be afraid to ask for help when needed 


Q: How can I improve my pronunciation of French body parts? A: Listen to native speakers, watch videos or listen to audio recordings focusing on body parts, and practice speaking aloud. Don’t be afraid to ask for feedback from native speakers or your language teacher. 

Q: Why is it important to learn body parts in French? A: Knowing body parts in French can help you in everyday conversations, describing health issues, discussing sports and physical activities, and understanding descriptions of people. 

Q: Can I learn French body parts without attending a class? A: Yes, you can learn French body parts independently using various resources, such as books, websites, and mobile apps. However, attending a class or working with a tutor can provide you with personalized guidance and feedback. 

Q: Are there any shortcuts to learning body parts in French? A: While there are no shortcuts to mastering French body parts, you can simplify the process by focusing on the most common terms first. Consistent practice and immersion in the language will help you learn more efficiently. 


Learning the names of body parts in French is an essential aspect of expanding your vocabulary and improving your conversational skills. By following this guide and taking advantage of the resources mentioned, you’ll be well on your way to mastering French body part vocabulary. Remember, consistency and practice are key to making progress. Bonne chance!