How to Order Food in French Language

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Ordering food in French may seem intimidating at first, but with a little practice and understanding of key phrases, you’ll be able to enjoy a seamless dining experience. This guide will help you navigate French menus, order food at a restaurant, and even order takeaway food in French. By mastering these skills, you’ll be well-equipped to explore the rich culinary culture of France. 

French Restaurant Vocabulary 

Before diving into the specifics of ordering food, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with some common French restaurant vocabulary: 

• Le restaurant: restaurant 

• La carte: menu 

• L’entrée: appetizer or starter 

• Le plat principal: main course 

• Le dessert: dessert 

• Le plat du jour: dish of the day 

• Les boissons: drinks 

• L’addition: bill or check 

• Le pourboire: tip 

• Le serveur/la serveuse: waiter/waitress 

• Réserver: to reserve or book a table 

• Commander: to order 

How to Read a French Menu 

French menus may seem daunting due to their unfamiliar terms and dishes. Here are some tips to help you decipher a French menu: 

• Look for familiar words or phrases: Many French dishes use common ingredients or cooking techniques, so try to identify familiar terms to get a sense of the dish. 

• Understand the structure: French menus typically start with appetizers (entrées), followed by main courses (plats principaux), and end with desserts (desserts). 

• Don’t be afraid to ask for help: If you’re unsure about a particular dish or ingredient, don’t hesitate to ask your server for assistance or clarification. 

How to Order Food at a French Restaurant 

• Greet your server: Begin by greeting your server with a polite “Bonjour” (good day) or “Bonsoir” (good evening), depending on the time of day. 

• Ask for the menu: Request the menu by saying, “La carte, s’il vous plaît” (The menu, please). 

• Order your food: To order a specific dish, use the phrase “Je voudrais” (I would like) followed by the name of the dish. For example, “Je voudrais le steak-frites, s’il vous plaît” (I would like the steak and fries, please). 

• Specify preferences: If you have any dietary restrictions or preferences, make sure to communicate them clearly. For example, “Je suis végétarien(ne)” (I am vegetarian) or “Je n’aime pas les oignons” (I don’t like onions). 

• Request the bill: When you’re ready to pay, ask for the bill by saying “L’addition, s’il vous plaît” (The bill, please). 

Ordering Takeaway Food in French 

When ordering takeaway food, use the phrase “à emporter” (to take away) to indicate that you’d like your order to go. For example, “Je voudrais un sandwich au jambon à emporter, s’il vous plaît” (I would like a ham sandwich to take away, please). The process of ordering takeaway food is similar to ordering at a sit-down restaurant but be sure to specify that you’d like your food to go. 

How to Order Drinks in French 

When ordering drinks, use the phrase “Je voudrais” (I would like) followed by the name of the drink. For example, “Je voudrais un verre de vin rouge” (I would like a glass of red wine) or “Je voudrais un café” (I would like a coffee). Remember to specify the size or quantity if needed, such as “un grand” (large) or “un petit” (small). 

Essential French Phrases for Ordering Food 

Mastering a few essential French phrases will make your dining experience much smoother. Here are some key phrases to help you order food: 

• Je voudrais… (I would like…) 

• S’il vous plaît (please) 

• À emporter (to take away) 

• Pourriez-vous me recommander…? (Could you recommend…?) 

• Qu’est-ce que vous avez comme…? (What do you have for…?) 

• Qu’est-ce que c’est…? (What is…?) 

• Combien ça coûte? (How much does it cost?) 

• L’addition, s’il vous plaît (The bill, please) 

French Dining Etiquette 

Understanding French dining etiquette will help you enjoy a more authentic and enjoyable dining experience: 

• Be punctual: Arriving on time is essential, as it shows respect for the establishment and your dining companions. 

• Mind your table manners: Use utensils properly, keep your elbows off the table, and avoid speaking with your mouth full. 

• Dress appropriately: French dining establishments often have a dress code, so dress smartly and appropriately for the occasion. 

• Tip generously: Tipping is customary in France, with a 10-15% tip being the norm for good service. 

Understanding Regional French Cuisine 

France is well-known for its diverse and delicious regional cuisine. When ordering food in French, it’s essential to have a basic understanding of regional dishes to make informed choices: 

• Provence: Known for its Mediterranean flavors, dishes in this region often feature olive oil, garlic, tomatoes, and fresh herbs. Bouillabaisse, a traditional fish stew, is a popular dish from this region. 

• Burgundy: Famous for its wines, Burgundy also offers delicious dishes like coq au vin (chicken cooked in red wine) and escargots de Bourgogne (snails in garlic butter). 

• Brittany: This coastal region is known for its seafood, particularly oysters, as well as crêpes and galettes, which are thin pancakes made from buckwheat flour. 

• Alsace: Influenced by German cuisine, Alsace offers hearty dishes like choucroute garnie (sauerkraut with sausages and pork) and tarte flambée (a thin pizza-like dish topped with cheese, onions, and bacon). 

Understanding these regional specialties will help you make the most of your dining experiences in France. 

Handling Food Allergies and Dietary Restrictions in French 

When you have food allergies or dietary restrictions, it’s crucial to communicate them clearly when ordering food in French. Here are some phrases that can help: 

• Je suis allergique à… (I am allergic to…) 

• Je ne peux pas manger… (I cannot eat…) 

• Sans… s’il vous plaît (Without… please) 

For example, if you’re allergic to nuts, you can say, “Je suis allergique aux noix” (I am allergic to nuts). 

It’s also helpful to carry a card with your allergies or dietary restrictions written in French to show your server. This will help ensure that your needs are understood and accommodated. 


Q: How do I ask for a vegetarian meal in French? A: Use the phrase “Je suis végétarien(ne)” (I am vegetarian) when ordering to communicate your dietary preference. 

Q: How do I ask for the bill in French? A: To request the bill, say “L’addition, s’il vous plaît” (The bill, please). 

Q: What is the standard tipping practice in France? A: Tipping is customary in France, with a 10-15% tip being the norm for good service. 

Q: Is it rude to ask for a doggy bag in France? A: While it’s becoming more common, asking for a doggy bag may still be considered unusual or impolite in some French establishments. 


By learning essential vocabulary and phrases for ordering food, understanding French menus, and following French dining etiquette, you’ll be well-prepared for a memorable dining experience in France or at any French restaurant. Practice these phrases and tips to build your confidence and enjoy the rich culinary culture that France has to offer. Bon appétit!