Best Way to Learn Sanskrit Alphabet

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Being one of the oldest languages, there is no doubt about the importance of Sanskrit. It is one of the most complex languages and also one of the most versatile languages, as it can be used for a wide variety of purposes. Sanskrit is the primary language of Hinduism’s holiest scriptures, the Vedas. These scriptures are one of the most important sources of Hinduism’s religious beliefs and practices. In addition, it is the language of many of India’s most famous poets and writers, such as Rabindranath Tagore, Rabindranath Sengupta, and Vivekananda. If you want to learn Sanskrit letters, starting with a good introduction is important. This introduction will teach you how to pronounce Sanskrit words correctly, how to read and write Sanskrit, and some basic grammar rules.

Why Learn Sanskrit Alphabet?

People may wish to learn the Sanskrit alphabet for a variety of reasons. For example, some people may wish to learn to read and write in Sanskrit because of its history, culture, and language. In contrast, others may wish to learn Sanskrit because it is a lovely language with many distinguishing features. Finally, some people are simply interested in learning the language, while others may wish to use it as a second language.

Many yoga books and texts are written in Sanskrit, so knowing the Sanskrit alphabet pronunciation is important if you want to read and understand them. Sanskrit is an ancient language with a long history and tradition. It is the dialect of the Vedas, Hinduism’s oldest sacred text.

You can connect with this rich cultural heritage by learning Sanskrit. Even to this day, you can find many Hindus who prefer to pray or meditate in Sanskrit. You can also partake in these activities by understanding the alphabet! There are numerous methods for learning Sanskrit letter pronunciation, so choose the one that best suits your requirements. Furthermore, Sanskrit is a delicate language to learn, but it can be a rewarding and pleasurable experience with the right approach and dedication.

How Many Letters are There in the Sanskrit Alphabet?

There are 46 different letters in the Sanskrit alphabet. Sanskrit is the language of Hinduism, and its writing system is used to write Sanskrit and other ancient Indian languages. The name Sanskrit means “consecrated’’ “refined,” and “sanctified.” It has always been regarded as the ‘high’ language and used mainly for religious and scientific discourse. However, Sanskrit letters were also used to derive and write other famous Indian languages like Hindi, Urdu, Kannada, Malayalam, etc.

How does the Sanskrit Alphabet Work?

  • The Sanskrit alphabet consists of 46 letters that form the base characters of Indian and East Asian scripts. The alphabet was created over 4,500 years ago and is still in use today. 
  • Each letter forms a basic shape and a symbol. The Sanskrit alphabet is descended from the ancient Indian script of the Vedas Brahmi. The Sanskrit alphabet is read from left to right, like the Greek alphabet.
  • The first letters in the Sanskrit alphabet are the vowels, further divided into short and long vowels. There are a total of 12 short vowels and 11 long vowels in the Sanskrit alphabet. The short vowels are represented by the letters A, I, U, and R, while the long vowels are represented by E, O, and M.
  • Each letter in the alphabet represents a specific sound, which can be combined to form words.
  • The Sanskrit alphabet is an abugida, meaning each letter represents a consonant sound, with an inherent vowel sound that can be modified by vowels that appear before or after the consonant. The Sanskrit alphabet has 52 letters, which are organized into 3 groups:
  1. The first group consists of 14 consonants called “vyanjana.”
  2. The second group consists of 10 consonants called “samyoga.”
  3. The third group consists of 28 consonants called “visarga.”

Sanskrit Alphabet Chart and Its Pronunciations

How Long Does It Take to Learn the Sanskrit Alphabet?

There is no definite answer to this question, as everyone learns the Sanskrit alphabet differently. It depends on several factors, such as your prior knowledge of other languages, age, and the time you dedicate to learning Sanskrit. However, some general tips may help- such as practicing the Sanskrit alphabet regularly, learning how to say Sanskrit words phonetically, and willingness to practice the Sanskrit alphabet for a certain period. However, Sanskrit Letters can be memorized relatively quickly. Therefore, some people argue that Sanskrit is one of the easiest languages to learn, especially compared to other languages such as Chinese or Arabic. One of the reasons why Sanskrit may be easier to know is that, as mentioned earlier, Sanskrit uses phonetic symbols. Each letter corresponds to a specific sound, making it easier to pronounce words correctly. In addition, Sanskrit may be easier to learn because of its simple grammar. Sanskrit is a highly inflected language, meaning there are fewer rules to remember.

Tips for Learning the Sanskrit Alphabet Fast

  • One of the best ways to learn Sanskrit is to study it online. Many different courses are available, and you can learn as much as you want. Additionally, there are online resources available to help you learn Sanskrit.
  • A tutor can help you to learn Sanskrit more quickly and effectively, there are many different places where you can learn Sanskrit, and you can find classes and resources in your area. Additionally, classes are available focusing on specific aspects of Sanskrit so you can know more about the language and its history. Finally, they can answer your questions, provide feedback on your progress, and help you to stay motivated.
  • There are books available that teach Sanskrit. These books teach the language more traditionally and can be a great way to learn the language.
  • Listen to audio recordings of Sanskrit. This will help you to learn the correct pronunciation of Sanskrit words. Then, use Sanskrit learning resources like great books, websites, and apps that can help you learn; find a few that you like and use them to supplement your learning.

As we end our journey of learning Sanskrit, we must remember that we have learned and achieved. The words may be difficult, but they are beautiful and poetic. If you continue sticking with this routine, you can read and write in Sanskrit and speak it fluently one day. Need more help in learning Sanskrit? Check out Curiotory’s courses or contact us for further clarification.


1. Is the Hindi language the same as Sanskrit?

This common misconception is untrue. While it is true that Sanskrit is the mother of all Indian languages, they are not the same. Devanagari is the script used to write Sanskrit. It is also used to write Hindi and other languages of the Hindi belt. The Hindi language is based on Vedic Sanskrit; one could even call Hindi a modern descendant of Sanskrit. Sanskrit is the oldest Indo-Aryan language, whereas Hindi is a modern descendant of the vernacular languages of northern India.

2. What is the best way to learn Sanskrit?

There is no easy way to learn a new language overnight. However, there are ways to help you ease into it. With the advance of technology, you can take out your device right now and learn a couple of basic Sanskrit! You can refer to the following sites so that you may achieve the best of your time.

  • LearnSanskrit 
  • Open Pathshala 
  • Apna Course 

The above apps are a must-try for beginners unless you prefer going old school

3. How difficult is Sanskrit? 

Sanskrit can be quite challenging for English speakers with no initial base in the dialects. It is a highly inflectional language kept in its original form with three grammatical genders, two numbers, and eight cases. In addition, there are two aspects, three moods, and three tenses. However, Learning Sanskrit won’t be as challenging as it would sound if you’ve had some exposure to languages like Latin, Greek, or Spanish. You can study Sanskrit with the aid of numerous printed and online materials. 

4. Why bother learning Sanskrit when there are so many other languages to choose from?

With over 7000+ languages existing worldwide, this is a common question that may arise in one’s mind. The beauty and depths of the Sanskrit language contain the answer to this question. The Vedas, the holy book of Hinduism, are written in Sanskrit, which has been deemed the “perfect” language.

5. What makes Sanskrit worth learning?

One would want to learn Sanskrit for a variety of reasons. It serves as a method for some people to connect with their Hindu history or as a tool to comprehend the Vedas, the first sacred book of Hinduism. It is one of the most reverend languages in Hinduism. Others simply find it to be a fascinating and lovely language to learn.